Terra Ambera – PDO Lemnos

Terra Ambera - Garalis - Lemnos, Aegean Islands, Greece - Orange Natural Organic Wine - Muscat of Alexandria - Eklektikon

Terra Ambera refers to the orange sulphuric volcanic soil of Lemnos island, with an orange wine of organic Muscat of Alexandria

  • Grower: Garalis
  • Vintage: 2020
  • Grapes: Muscat of Alexandria 100%
  • Appellation: PDO Lemnos
  • Alcohol: 13.50%
  • Bottle: 750ml
  • Viticulture: Organic (certified)
  • Vinification: 5 days of skin contact in stainless steel, at a mildly controlled temperature, wild fermented and bottled with minuscule sulfites
  • Notes: Typical aromatic profile of Muscat, with slight oxidative nuances, and a round and sharp palate with generous fruit.


  • Organic (certified)
  • Climate: Dry and warm Summers, with limited rainfalls, and temperatures ranging from 0-39° C.
  • Soil: Volcanic soil, poor in nutrients, with some limestone.
  • Vine age: Planted between 1972 and 2015
  • Altitude: 150m
  • Slope: 5-20%
  • Planting density: 3,700 plants / ha
  • Yield: 1.75kg / plant
  • Irrigation: None
  • Spraying: 3 per season (sulfur dust / copper)
  • Harvesting: Manual


  • Press: Pneumatic for 3 hours
  • Maceration: 5 days with the skins (stainless steel), mild temperature control at 21°C
  • Yeast: Indigenous (spontaneous fermentation for 15 days)
  • Malolactic: Natural (completed)
  • Maturation: 2.5 months in stainless steel with its fine lees, with periodic stirring
  • Clarification: None
  • Filtration: None
  • Production: 30,000 lt
  • Alcohol: 13.50%
  • Acidity: 5.30gr/l
  • Volatile Acidity: 0.40gr/l
  • RS: 1.80gr/l
  • Total sulfites: 31 mg/l
  • Certification: Organic grapes
  • Bottle: 750ml

Manolis Garalis is a third generation wine grower. With an ambition to see his high quality organic grapes turned into first class wine, he launched his own winery in 2006 and released his first wines in 2007. He cultivates Lemnos island’s Limnio and Muscat of Alexandria, organically (certified), in 5 hectares of sulphuric volcanic soil.

Lemnos island is located in the northeast of the country, in the Aegean sea, and is the 8th largest island of Greece. Lemnos has been historically known under the names or adjectives “Anemoessa” (the island of the wines), “Aethalia” (the island of volcano ashes), “Pyroessa” (the volcanic island), “Ampeloessa” (the island of vines), “Dipolis” (the island with two cities), and more.

It is known for its association with Hephaestus, the ancient Greek god of fire, volcanoes, and metallurgy, and is a volcanic island with impressive lava formations. It is also known for its production of wine (with three PDO appellations), cheese (mainly “Kalathaki of Lemnos”), wheat, and honey. As opposed to other Greek islands, Lemnos has no mountains of high altitude and is rather flat, which favors production of meat and wheat. One more interesting fact about Lemnos is its abundance of churches (most per capita in Greece, which is partially explained by its association with mount Athos), and of defensive castles. Lemnos served as the hub and point of attack during the Trojan war, due to its strategic position and food production.

Since ancient times, Lemnos has also been known for “Lemnia Gi”, a therapeutic sulphuric soil that was extracted in a ceremonial manner from a specific location, which was the first packaged and branded medicine. Its healing properties have been recorded in detail, and it is said that clay vessels made from it neutralized any poison, thus used by kings of that time. The spring of Limnia Gi has been lost, although recent research and efforts have made progress at unearthing its location and extraction practices.

Lemnos is home to the oldest referenced grape in the world, “Limnio” (also known as “Kalampaki” locally), which was mentioned by Homer, Aristotle and other philosophers as “Limnia Ampelos” (vine of Lemnos). It has traditionally been producing only red wine, but the white Muscat of Alexandria was brought to the island about a century ago by Lemnians immigrants in Egypt, and is know the main grape of the island. The volcanic terroir gives the wines a characteristic expression, while traditional winemaking methods make Lemnian wines even more interesting. Archaic wineries carved in stone, with the so called “Gouges”, are now museum exhibits around the island. Volcanic stone, which is softer and more appropriate for winemaking, would get carved into an amphora-shaped hole, fitting up to 2 tonnes of grapes, which the locals would use to through grapes and stems for up to two weeks and vinify naturally. This tradition is still being used privately.

Lemnos is a great island to visit for high quality vacation, as it offers the highest number of beaches in Greece, many extremely secluded and beautiful, ancient ruins, traditional gastronomy, and a strong cultural identity.